- Institute of Medicine (IOM). Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States website.www.nap.edu/read/2008/chapter/1. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; published 1992.
- Kaye KS, Anderson DJ, Cook E, Huang SS, Siegel JD, Zuckerman JM, et al. Guidance for infection prevention and healthcare epidemiology programs: healthcare epidemiologist skills and competencies. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2015;36:369-80.
- Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA). The SHEA Handbook for SHEA-Sponsored Guidelines and Expert Guidance Documents website. www.shea-online.org/images/docs/2017_Handbook.pdf. Published 2017. Accessed January 2017.
- Hospital Preparedness Program (HPP), Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR). National Incident Management System (NIMS) Implementation for Healthcare Organizations Guidance website. www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/hpp/reports/Documents/nims-implementation-guide-jan2015.pdf. Published 2015. Accessed January 2017.
- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Emergency Management Institute (EMI). National Incident Management System (NIMS) website. https://training.fema.gov/nims/ Published 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- Emergency Medical Services Authority (EMSA). Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) Guidebook, Fifth Edition website. www.emsa.ca.gov/media/default/HICS/HICS_Guidebook_2014_11.pdfAvailable and: http://www.emsa.ca.gov/disaster_medical_services_division_hospital_incident_command_system. Published May 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- Stanford Health Care. The Hospital Incident Command System: A Guide for Hospital Personnel website. www.youtube.com/watch?v=14SGKLZM5c0&amp;feature=youtu.be. Published 2015. Accessed January 2017.
- FEMA. Emergency Support Function Annexes: Introduction website. www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1825-25045-0604/emergency_support_function_annexes_introduction_2008_.pdf. Published 2008. Accessed January 2017.
- ASPR. 2017-2022 Hospital Preparedness Program Performance Measures Implementation Guidance website. www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/hpp/reports/Documents/hpp-pmi-guidance-2017.pdf. Published 2017. Accessed May 2017.
- ASPR. Healthcare Preparedness Capabilities: National Guidance for Healthcare System Preparedness website. www.phe.gov/preparedness/planning/hpp/reports/documents/capabilities.pdf. Published 2012. Accessed November 2016.
- FEMA. NIMS Appendix B: Incident Command System website. www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nims/NIMS_AppendixB.pdf. Published 2008. Accessed November 2016.
- ASPR. Healthcare Organization (HCO) Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) website. www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/mscc/handbook/chapter2/Pages/hcoemergen.aspx. Published November 2012. Accessed 2016.
- EMSA. Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) website. www.emsa.ca.gov/disaster_medical_services_division_hospital_incident_command_system_resources. Published 2014. Accessed November 2016.
- Association of Healthcare Emergency Preparedness Professionals (AHEPP). HICS (Hospital Incident Command System) for Small Hospitals website. https://ahepp.site-ym.com/?page=IncidentCommand. Published 2014. Accessed November 2016.
- FEMA. NIMS Training Program website. www.fema.gov/training-0. Published 2016. Accessed 2017 February.
- California Hospital Association (CHA). What is the relationship between an Emergency Management Program (EMP) and an Emergency Operations Plan (EOP)? website. www.calhospitalprepare.org/post/what-relationship-between-emergency-management-program-emp-and-emergency-operations-plan-eop-0. Published 2015. Accessed May 2017.
- CDC, HHS, Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE). Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment (HAH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Healthcare Preparedness Activity (CDC-HPA) website. www.cdc.gov/phpr/healthcare/documents/hah_508_compliant_final.pdf. Published 2012. Accessed November 2016.
- The Joint Commission. Emergency Management Standards Supporting Collaboration Planning. website. www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/JCP0713_Emergency_Mgmt_Oversight.pdf. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC. Hospital Preparedness Planning: Core Capabilities website. www.cdc.gov/phpr/healthcare/documents/dsns-hah_portfolio.final.pdf and CDC infection control www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html. Published 2010. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC, National Center for Immunication and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD). Prevention Strategies for Seasonal Influenza in Healthcare Settings website. www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/infectioncontrol/healthcaresettings.htm. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC, NCIRD. Pandemic Influenza website. www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC, NCIRD. Updated norovirus outbreak management and disease prevention guidelines. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2011;60:1-18.
- CDC, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Guidance for Control of Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) Tool Kit website. www.cdc.gov/hai/organisms/cre/cre-toolkit/index.html. Published 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC. Public Health Emergency Response Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Public Health Directors website. https://emergency.cdc.gov/planning/pdf/cdcresponseguide.pdf. Published 2011. Accessed November 2016.
- San Francisco Bay Area Advanced Practice Center (APC), National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO). Infectious Disease Emergency Response Toolkit (IDER) toolkit. website. http://apc.naccho.org/Products/APC20102190/Pages/ider_intro.aspx. Published 2011. Accessed November 2016.
- Bartlett JG. Planning for avian influenza. Ann Intern Med. 2006;145:141-4.
- Nhan C, Laprise R, Douville-Fradet M, Macdonald ME, Quach C. Coordination and resource-related difficulties encountered by Quebec’s public health specialists and infectious diseases/medical microbiologists in the management of A (H1N1)–a mixed-method, exploratory survey. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:115.
- Biological and chemical terrorism: strategic plan for preparedness and response. Recommendations of the CDC Strategic Planning Workgroup. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2000;49:1-14.
- Sandman P, Lanard J. Crisis Communication I: How Bad Is It? How Sure Are You? website. www.cdc.gov/nceh/tracking/conf04/pdfs/thu/ses4A/j_lanard.pdf. Published 2004. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR). Crisis & Emergency Risk Communication (CERC) website. http://emergency.cdc.gov/cerc/index.asp. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Hospitals and Community Emergency Response: What You Need to Know website. www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3152/3152-hospitals.pdf. Published 2008. Accessed November 2016.
- The Joint Commission. Requirements for Emergency Management Oversight Joint Commission Perspectives website. www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/JCP0713_Emergency_Mgmt_Oversight.pdf. Published July 2013. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC. Selected Federal Legal Authorities Pertinent to Public Health Emergencies website. www.cdc.gov/phlp/docs/ph-emergencies.pdf. Published 2014. Accessed November 2016.
- CMS. Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA) Requirements and Implications Related to Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) website. www.cms.gov/Medicare/Provider-Enrollment-and-Certification/SurveyCertificationGenInfo/Policy-and-Memos-to-States-and-Regions-Items/Survey-and-Cert-Letter-15-10.html. Published 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- CMS. Medicare and Medicaid Programs; Emergency Preparedness Requirements for Medicare and Medicaid Participating Providers and Suppliers website. www.federalregister.gov/documents/2016/09/16/2016-21404/medicare-and-medicaid-programs-emergency-preparedness-requirements-for-medicare-and-medicaidAvailable and www.cms.gov/Medicare/Provider-Enrollment-and-Certification/SurveyCertEmergPrep/Emergency-Prep-Rule.html. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- CMS. Emergency Preparedness Requirements for Medicare and Medicaid Participating Providers and Suppliers Final Rule website. www.cms.gov/Medicare/Provider-Enrollment-and-Certification/SurveyCertEmergPrep/Emergency-Prep-Rule.html. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- ASPR. Technical Resources, Assistance Center, and Information Exchange (TRACIE) website. https://asprtracie.hhs.gov/. Published 2015. Accessed January 2017.
- The Joint Commission. Safely and Effectively Managing the Infectious Ebola Patient website. www.jointcommission.org/joint_commission_standards_safely_and_effectively_managing_the_infectious_ebola_patient/. Published 2014. Accessed November 2016.
- IOM. Guidance for establishing crisis standards of care for use in disaster situations: A letter report Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, The National Academy of Sciences website. www.nap.edu/read/12749/chapter/1#ii. Published 2009. Accessed November 2016.
- Bryant KA, Harris AD, Gould CV, Humphreys E, Lundstrom T, Murphy DM, et al. Necessary Infrastructure of Infection Prevention and Healthcare Epidemiology Programs: A Review. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2016;37:371-80.
- Rebmann T. Assessing hospital emergency management plans: a guide for infection preventionists. Am J Infect Control. 2009;37:708-14.e4.
- CHA. Emergency Management Program Checklist website. www.calhospitalprepare.org/sites/main/files/file-attachments/emp_checklist_v080311.doc. Published August 3, 2011. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC. Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist 2015 website. www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/pdf/hospitalchecklist.pdfAvailable from: CDC infection control website: www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html.
- Bellevue Hospital Center. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Incident Response Guide website. http://netec.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Bellevue-EVD-IRG.pdf. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC. Interim Guidance for a Health Response to Certain Novel or Targeted Multidrug-resistant Organisms (MDROs) website. www.cdc.gov/hai/outbreaks/docs/health-response-contain-mdro.pdf and CDC infection control website: www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html. Published 2017. Accessed March 2017.
- Markiewicz M, Bevc CA, Hegle J, Horney JA, Davies M, MacDonald PD. Linking public health agencies and hospitals for improved emergency preparedness: North Carolina’s public health epidemiologist program. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:141.
- CDC, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD). For Clinicians: Evaluating and Managing Patients Exposed to Birds Infected with Avian Influenza Viruses of Public Health Concern website. www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/clinicians-evaluating-patients.htm. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- San Francisco Bay Area Advanced Practice Center. Tools for Infectious Diseases Emergencies website. http://sfbayapc.sfcdcp.org/APC_Products.html. Published 2012. Accessed November 2016.
- Siegel JD, Rhinehart E, Jackson M, Chiarello L, HICPAC. 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Health Care Settings. Am J Infect Control. 2007;35:S65-164.
- CDC. 2015 Update Investigation and Control of Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) website. www.cdc.gov/hai/pdfs/vrsa-investigation-guide-05_12_2015.pdf and CDC infection control website: www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html. Published 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- Garnacho-Montero J, Dimopoulos G, Poulakou G, Akova M, Cisneros JM, De Waele J, et al. Task force on management and prevention of Acinetobacter baumannii infections in the ICU. Intensive Care Med. 2015;41:2057-75.
- Sandrock CE. Severe febrile respiratory illnesses as a cause of mass critical care. Respir Care. 2008;53:40-53; discussion -7.
- Puro V, Fusco FM, Lanini S, Nisii C, Ippolito G. Risk management of febrile respiratory illness in emergency departments. New Microbiol. 2008;31:165-73.
- The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO). Public Health and Information Sharing Toolkit website. www.astho.org/Programs/Preparedness/Public-Health-Emergency-Law/Public-Health-and-Information-Sharing-Toolkit/. Published 2012. Accessed November 2016.
- Brouqui P. Facing highly infectious diseases: new trends and current concepts. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15:700-5.
- Brett-Major DM, Jacob ST, Jacquerioz FA, Risi GF, Fischer WA, Kato Y, et al. Being ready to treat Ebola virus disease patients. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015;92:233-7.
- Tompkins BM, Kerchberger JP. Special article: personal protective equipment for care of pandemic influenza patients: a training workshop for the powered air purifying respirator. Anesth Analg. 2010;111:933-45.
- Srinivasan A, McDonald LC, Jernigan D, Helfand R, Ginsheimer K, Jernigan J, et al. Foundations of the severe acute respiratory syndrome preparedness and response plan for healthcare facilities. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004;25:1020-5.
- CDC. Hospital 2009 H1N1 Readiness Review Checklist website. www.cdc.gov/phpr/healthcare/documents/hospital_2009h1n1_checklist.pdf and CDC infection control website: www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html. Published 2009. Accessed November 2016.
- NCIRD. Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) website. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/infection-prevention-control.html. Published 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- Tomizuka T, Kanatani Y, Kawahara K. Insufficient preparedness of primary care practices for pandemic influenza and the effect of a preparedness plan in Japan: a prefecture-wide cross-sectional study. BMC Fam Pract. 2013;14:174.
- Fischer WA, Weber DJ, Wohl DA. Personal Protective Equipment: Protecting Health Care Providers in an Ebola Outbreak. Clin Ther. 2015;37:2402-10.
- Gamage B, Moore D, Copes R, Yassi A, Bryce E, Group BIRPS. Protecting health care workers from SARS and other respiratory pathogens: a review of the infection control literature. Am J Infect Control. 2005;33:114-21.
- Teleman MD, Boudville IC, Heng BH, Zhu D, Leo YS. Factors associated with transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome among health-care workers in Singapore. Epidemiol Infect. 2004;132:797-803.
- Sprecher AG, Caluwaerts A, Draper M, Feldmann H, Frey CP, Funk RH, et al. Personal Protective Equipment for Filovirus Epidemics: A Call for Better Evidence. J Infect Dis. 2015;212 Suppl 2:S98-S100.
- Emory Healthcare, DeGennaro M, Feistritzer N, Gartland B, Sprouse E. Ebola Preparedness Protocols website. www.emoryhealthcare.org/ebola-protocol/ehc-message.html. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- Lane HC, Marston HD, Fauci AS. Conducting clinical trials in outbreak settings: Points to consider. Clin Trials. 2016;13:92-5.
- CDC, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) Outbreak Investigation Toolkit website. www.cdc.gov/hai/outbreaks/outbreaktoolkit.html and CDC infection control website: www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html. Published 2014. Accessed November 2016.
- CDC, NCEZID. Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients Under Investigation (PUIs) for Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals website. www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/healthcare-us/hospitals/infection-control.html. Published 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- Murphy DM, Hanchett M, Olmsted RN, Farber MR, Lee TB, Haas JP, et al. Competency in infection prevention: a conceptual approach to guide current and future practice. Am J Infect Control. 2012;40:296-303.
- California Association of Health Facilities (CAHF). Disaster Preparedness Program (DPP) Nursing Home Incident Command System website. http://cahfdisasterprep.com/NHICS.aspx. Published 2011. Accessed November 2016.
- Beigi RH, Hodges J, Baldisseri M, English D, Committee M-WHE. Clinical review: Considerations for the triage of maternity care during an influenza pandemic–one institution’s approach. Crit Care. 2010;14:225.
- Davies HD, Byington CL, DISEASES COI. Parental Presence During Treatment of Ebola or Other Highly Consequential Infection. Pediatrics. 2016;138.
- Chen WK, Wu HD, Lin CC, Cheng YC. Emergency department response to SARS, Taiwan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1067-73.
- Mehrotra P, Shane AL, Milstone AM. Family-Centered Care and High-Consequence Pathogens: Thinking Outside the Room. JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169:985-6.
- Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR), CDC. Planning Resources by Setting: Long-term, Acute, and Chronic Care website. www.cdc.gov/phpr/healthcare/planning2.htm. Published 2016. Accessed November 2016.
- California Association of Health Facilities (CAHF), California Department of Public Health (CDPH). California Association of Health Facilities Disaster Preparedness Program (CAHF-DPP) website. www.cahfdisasterprep.com/. Published 2006. Accessed November 2016.
- Tupper JB, Gray CE, Pearson KB, Coburn AF. Safety of Rural Nursing Home-to-Emergency Department Transfers: Improving Communication and Patient Information Sharing Across Settings. Journal for healthcare quality: official publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality. 2015;37:55-65.
- CDC, NCEZID. Prevention Tool Kits: Example Infection Control Transfer Forms website. www.cdc.gov/hai/prevent/prevention_tools.html and CDC infection control website: www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html. Published 2015. Accessed November 2016.
- Trick WE, Lin MY, Cheng-Leidig R, Driscoll M, Tang AS, Gao W, et al. Electronic Public Health Registry of Extensively Drug-Resistant Organisms, Illinois, USA. Emerging infectious diseases. 2015;21(10):1725-32.
- MacDonald RD, Farr B, Neill M, Loch J, Sawadsky B, Mazza C, et al. An emergency medical services transfer authorization center in response to the Toronto severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak. Prehospital emergency care: official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors. 2004;8:223-31.
Additional Resources, Tools, and Reading
|ASPR Healthcare Organization (HCO) Emergency Operations Plan (EOP)||http://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/mscc/handbook/chapter1/Pages/emergencymanagement.aspx
|Emergency Management and Incident Command System to understand the benefits of this structure, and role in ICS. Helpful for administrators of the non-acute healthcare facilities (like outpatient setting or long term care setting) who might
have to coordinate with hospitals in an emergency event.
|ASPR Healthcare Preparedness Capabilities National Guidance for Healthcare System Preparedness||http://www.phe.gov/preparedness/planning/hpp/reports/documents/capabilities.pdf||Detailed guidance for healthcare systems that wish to implement a comprehensive disaster preparedness plan. This information is aimed at hospital leadership.|
|ASPR NIMS Implementation for Healthcare Organizations Guidance||http://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/hpp/reports/Documents/nims-implementation-guide-jan2015.pdf||Describes for hospital leadership how a hospital can develop a NIMS-compliant emergency plan, including leadership during emergencies, personnel training, record keeping, use of plain language to facilitate clear communication, establishment of
HICS, establishment of Mutual Aid Agreements/Memorandums of Understanding/Memorandums of Agreement with nearby local facilities to coordinate resources if needed.
|Assessing Hospital Emergency Management Plans A Guide for Infection Preventionists||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19699558||Outline of infection prevention recommendations from various planning agencies and researchers in a single planning guide. Facilitates assessment of the hospital emergency management plans from an infection prevention point of view.|
|CDC Avian Flu Information for Healthcare Providers||http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/healthprofessionals.htm||Interim guidelines case definitions, reporting, testing, infection control, laboratories, prophylaxis and treatment guidelines, and status of vaccine development. Plans for updates noted on site.|
|CDC Emergency Preparedness and Response Preparation & Planning||http://emergency.cdc.gov/planning/
Adapting Standards of Care under Extreme Conditions: Guidance for Professionals During Disasters, Pandemics, and Other Extreme Emergencies http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/WorkplaceSafety/Healthy-Work-Environment/DPR/TheLawEthicsofDisasterResponse/AdaptingStandardsofCare.pdf Bioterrorism Readiness Plan: A Template for Healthcare Facilities (http://emergency.cdc.gov/bioterrorism/pdf/13apr99apic-cdcbioterrorism.pdf
|How lay people can protect themselves during infectious/biologic emergencies, and what the public can expect from federal, state and local authorities.|
|CDC Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment||http://www.cdc.gov/phpr/healthcare/documents/hah_508_compliant_final.pdf||Tool to determine the hospital’s level of preparedness.|
|CDC Hospital Legal Preparedness Relevant Resources||http://www.cdc.gov/phlp/publications/topic/hospital.html||Liability protections, situational regulations, legal and ethical issues during declared emergencies.|
|CDC Interim Guidance for Infection Control Within Healthcare Settings When Caring for Confirmed Cases, Probable Cases, and Cases Under Investigation for Infection with Novel Influenza A Viruses Associated with Severe Disease||http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/novel-flu-infection-control.htm||Recommends a higher level of infection control measures than for seasonal influenza: changes to contact and airborne precautions, higher level of personal protective equipment for healthcare personnel, including eye protection (required) and the
expanded use of respirators (i.e., for all patient-care activities). For seasonal influenza, eye protection is not required in all instances and respirator use is recommended only during aerosol-generating procedures conducted on influenza patients.
|CDC MERS Information for Healthcare||http://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/hcp.html||Comprehensive site with valuable information and strategic plans.|
|CDC Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist||http://www.flu.gov/planning-preparedness/hospital/hospitalchecklist.pdf||3-section, 10 page checklist:
|CDC Preparedness resources (MERS)||http://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/preparedness/resources-preparedness.html||
|CDC Waste Management for Ebola||http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/healthcare-us/cleaning/waste-management.html||Reviews the waste management for PUI and confirmed Ebola Virus Diseases (EVD) in the hospitals and healthcare settings and specifics related to laws/regulation with DOT, hazardous substances|
|CMS Declared Public Health Emergencies – All Hazards Health Standards and Quality Issues FAQs||https://www.cms.gov/About-CMS/Agency-Information/Emergency/Downloads/Provider-Survey-and-Certification-Frequently-Asked-Questions.pdf||“Modifications and flexibilities” (i.e., waivers) during a declared emergency, and scope and limitations of such waivers.|
|Emerging Infectious Diseases: Concepts in Preparing for and Responding to the Next Microbial Threat chapter from the second edition of Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practice||https://www.acep.org/uploadedFiles/ACEP/practiceResources/issuesByCategory/publichealth/The%202014%20Ebola%20Virus%20Outbreak.pdf||Koenig & Schultz’s. Koenig KL, Schultz C. Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices. 2nd ed. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press; 2016.|
|Facing Highly Infectious Diseases New Trends and Current Concepts||Brouqui, P. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 15(8)700-5. Facing Highly Infectious Diseases New Trends and Current Concepts
|FEMA Emergency Management Institute (EMI) National Incident Management System (NIMS)||https://training.fema.gov/nims/||Introduces the HE to important topic areas of Incident Management and nomenclature such as Incident Command System (ICS), National Response Framework (NRF), National Incident Management System (NIMS), Incident Action Plan (IAP), Emergency Operations
Plan (EOP), etc.Includes sublinks relevant to communication
background for NIMS, a glossary
https://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nims/NIMS_core.pdf, leadership, resource management, prioritization, and negotiation.
|EMSA Hospital Incident Command System (HICS)||http://www.emsa.ca.gov/disaster_medical_services_division_hospital_incident_command_system_resources||Manual to instruct hospitals in why HICS is important for each hospital and how to build a framework to prepare for and handle emergencies.|
|Joint Commission Requirements for Emergency Management Oversight||https://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/JCP0713_Emergency_Mgmt_Oversight.pdf||Requirements for emergency management leadership oversight within hospitals in the event of an emergency, delegation of responsibilities, staff input, gap analysis, prioritization of improvement efforts Gives accountability for 6 domains:
communications, resources and assets, safety and security, staff responsibilities, utilities, and patient clinical and support activities
|NACCHO Infectious Disease Emergency Response Toolkit||http://apc.naccho.org/Products/APC20102190/Pages/ider_intro.aspx
|Incident command system Understanding the various federal agencies during emergency response
This is a web-based FEMA course focused on organizations responsible for planning and executing incident response Information about managing Incident
|Physical Interventions to Interrupt or Reduce the Spread of Respiratory Viruses Systematic Review||Jefferson, T., Foxlee, R., Del Mar, C. et al. Emergency Medicine Journal. 23(5)349-53. Physical Interventions to Interrupt or Reduce the Spread of Respiratory Viruses Systematic Review. BMJ. 336(7635)77-80.||Effectiveness of various infection control measures to prevent transmission of respiratory virus infection including isolation, quarantine, social distancing, barriers, personal protection, and hygiene in both community and hospital setting.|
|3I Tool (Identify, Isolate, Inform)||http://escholarship.org/uc/item/9z75b667#page-4||
|Education and Training|
|SHEA/CDC Outbreak Response Training Program (ORTP)||http://ortp.shea-online.org/||
|CDC/ASPR National Ebola and Training Center (NETEC)||Materials: http://netec.org/online-education/
|Outlines what is required for respective designation (Assessment Hospital vs. Ebola Treatment Center) and the organizational needs for ongoing training, staffing models, environmental IC, waste, and activating under intense public awareness and
|Council for Outbreak Response: Healthcare-Associated Infections and Antimicrobial-Resistant Pathogens (CORHA)||http://www.astho.org/Healthcare-and-Infection-Control/Council/||CSTE and ASTHO collaboration with CDC and numerous healthcare organizations to improve practices and policies at the local, state, and national levels for detection, investigation, control and prevention of healthcare-associated infection/antibiotic
resistant (HAI/AR) outbreaks across the healthcare continuum, including emerging infections and other risks with potential for healthcare transmission via production of tool kits and other projects.
|Nebraska Medicine Ebola Courses for the General Public & Clinicians||http://www.nebraskamed.com/biocontainment-unit/ebola||Information and tools that can be adapted by healthcare epidemiology, including videos, apps, and exercises for frontline workers. Provides communication recommendations and practical tools for implementation. Extensive detail on the logistics,
equipment needed, practical tools, and other considerations for care of EVD patients.
|Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR)||www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/hpp/reports/Documents/hpp-pmi-guidance-2017.pdf
|San Francisco Bay Area Advanced Practice Center Infectious Disease Emergency Response (APC IDER)||http://sfbayapc.sfcdcp.org/APC_Products.html||Tools for Infectious Diseases Emergencies|